UK residence and tax

Your UK residence status affects whether you need to pay tax in the UK on your foreign income. For example, non-residents only pay tax on their UK income – they do not pay UK tax on their foreign income.

Whereas UK residents normally pay UK tax on all their income, whether it’s from the UK or abroad. However, there are special rules for UK residents whose permanent home or place of domicile is abroad.

The following notes reproduced from the GOV.UK website may help you to decide if you are resident or non-resident in the UK for tax purposes:

Work out your residence status

Whether you are UK resident usually depends on how many days you spend in the UK in the tax year (6 April to 5 April the following year).

You are automatically resident if either:

  • you spent 183 or more days in the UK in the tax year
  • your only home was in the UK – you must have owned, rented or lived in it for at least 91 days in total – and you spent at least 30 days there in the tax year

You’re automatically non-resident if either:

  • you spent fewer than 16 days in the UK (or 46 days if you have not been classed as UK resident for the 3 previous tax years)
  • you work abroad full-time (averaging at least 35 hours a week) and spent fewer than 91 days in the UK, of which no more than 30 were spent working

As with all tax rules there are grey areas. If you have any doubts regarding your tax status please contact us so we can help you decide.

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